Golden pufferfish in fish-only saltwater aquarium
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Aquarium fish food. Choosing the right food for your fish.

The nutritional requirements of fish vary greatly depending on species, as well as age. For example, juveniles require more protein and the carnivore is not properly cared for when mostly feeding greens. To maintain healthy fish, it is essential to choose the right aquarium fish food. Proper dietary selection also is determined on the eating […]

Keeping frogs in an aquarium
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Keeping African Dwarf Frogs in the aquarium

The African Dwarf Frog is an aquatic species and cannot survive on land. Two to three inches in length, these dark-green colored frogs prefer small stoned smooth gravel. Hiding spaces provided by plants, rocks, or driftwood are essential. A well-maintained fish tank with community fish, a stable environment, and a gentle current will provide them […]

Goldfish in crystal clear aquarium
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The importance of oxygen in the aquarium

How important is oxygen in the aquarium? This is a subject that is not often discussed or taken under consideration. Obviously, fish need oxygen to breathe, plants need oxygen at night and the beneficial bacteria need oxygen to break down (oxygenate) waste. Basically everything that dies off or decays in the aquarium requires and therefore […]

African Cichlids
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Fish population and general stocking guidelines for the aquarium

The reason for having an aquarium is to keep fish. The challenge is to maintain a healthy environment in which they will thrive. The rules are set and easy to understand. Following them will enhance the pleasure of your aquarium. After you have setup your tank, make sure you take some notes about the water […]

Saltwater Angelfish
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Cycling the aquarium without fish

An aquarium is considered safe for livestock once the nitrogen cycle has completed, and the natural biological filtration has been established and is working. The nitrogen cycle converts toxic ammonia to nitrate by oxidation through bacteria. These bacteria make the water safe for fish, a process that starts as soon as ammonia is present. The […]

Flowerhorn Cichlid
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Choosing the right substrate for your aquarium

Aquarium substrate has various functions and should be chosen according to the type of tank, i.e. freshwater, planted, fish-only, reef, etc. In general, the substrate provides the fish with an orientation. Glass bottoms can irritate the fish, especially if the light is being reflected from the fixture on top of the tank. Next to “orientation” […]

Golden pufferfish in fish-only saltwater aquarium
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Choosing compatible fish is an important first step when setting up a new aquarium

The first 3 months of starting a new aquarium are crucial. Early, avoidable mistakes result in many aquariums being abandoned. Choosing the correct setup and cycling of the new fish tank are the first challenges. Nevertheless the main challenge is to acquire the needed knowledge and know-how quickly enough to effectively deal with the potential […]