What causes milky white cloudy aquarium water?

Milky white cloudy aquarium water is often just temporary. Poorly rinsed gravel in a new aquarium can cause white cloudiness. Restarting the filters after a shutdown can cause debris and tiny air bubbles to create a white haze. Adding supplements such as bacteria, pH adjusters, or calcium can also create a temporary milky white haze in the […]

Nitrifying bacteria and the breakdown of waste in the aquarium

Nitrifying bacteria aka the good or beneficial bacteria, are present after successfully . Nitrifying bacteria provide natural biological aquarium filtration and are responsible for breaking down organic waste within the fish tank. Transforming ammonia to nitrite, and nitrite to nitrates. Nitrifying bacteria settle on rocks, gravel, filter media, sand, bio-wheels, etc. Let’s take a closer look: Nitrifying bacteria […]

Ammonia in the aquarium and its effects on fish life

Ammonia buildup results from a breakdown of fish metabolism. Since ammonia (NH3) constantly converts to ammonium (NH4+) and vice versa, ammonia test kits usually measure both, resulting in a total ammonia (ammonia-N) concentration. In an established tank, the reading of this test needs to show an undetectable level at all times. A detectable presence of […]