Is the aquarium water change harmful to fish?

The water change is the most basic and essential part of . But can it harm or kill fish? Waste easily accumulates in poorly and irregularly maintained aquariums. This waste is visible as mulm in and under the gravel. Waste also accumulates in corners inside the filter, and in tubing. Further, waste collects inside the aquarium, […]

Aquarium filtration and the various filter options for your fish tank

Aquarium filtration is the single most important requirement for a successful fish tank. In this post we focus on the 3 basic types of aquarium filtration, and of course each aquarium filter itself. Biological Filtration Biological filtration is the term used to describe beneficial bacteria, which are established during the initial cycling of the aquarium. These […]

Activated carbon and chemical aquarium filtration

Carbonization is a complex procedure by which the carbon content of organic material is formed by burning anaerobically. Materials best suited for carbonization are charcoal (bituminous), brown coal (lignite), wood, or coconut shells which naturally contain a large amount of the element carbon. The carbonized base material is then subjected to steam, which increases the […]

Ammonia in the aquarium and its effects on fish life

Ammonia buildup results from a breakdown of fish metabolism. Since ammonia (NH3) constantly converts to ammonium (NH4+) and vice versa, ammonia test kits usually measure both, resulting in a total ammonia (ammonia-N) concentration. In an established tank, the reading of this test needs to show an undetectable level at all times. A detectable presence of […]

Using kalkwasser in the marine aquarium

The main benefit of Kalkwasser use is that it replenishes calcium in the reef and marine tank. Even the most inexperienced hobbyist can easily make Kalkwasser. Kalkwasser is extremely beneficial for corals, coralline algae, and many reef inhabitants. It also helps raise the pH level, which is needed in a marine and reef environment. It […]

Chemical aquarium filtration

The complexity and diversity of each aquarium, makes every tank unique. If we look at nature we realize that it did not intend for us to keep a large number of fish and other life forms in a small, enclosed environment. As an aquarium owner it is therefore our responsibility to maintain the environment within […]