Cloudy aquarium water and Algone

Cloudy water can hit any aquarium at any stage, at any time. The causes are as plentiful as the solutions. Green (free-floating algae) or white (bacteria bloom) discolorations are generally caused by a similar set of causes. To simplify they are caused by an over saturation of waste in the aquarium. Waste can accumulate by […]

The secret to crystal clear aquarium water

Most, if not all bad things that can happen within the fish tank are caused by chemical and/or biological imbalances of the aquarium water. High nitrate in particular can wreak havoc on the aquarium’s appearance. While nitrates aren’t visible to the eye, their effects certainly are. Clear aquarium water is the most common victim of […]

Are nitrates harmful for my aquarium?

Aquarium nitrate is inevitable as it results from the break down of waste. Below is a brief outline of the main effects nitrate has on the fish tank. Nitrate is a primary food source for algae. Nitrate levels above 10 ppm often cause and fuel rapid algae growth in the aquarium.  (a free-floating algae bloom) […]

How to remove nitrate from the aquarium

Nitrates are generally very low in natural waters, in part by the high rate of dilution due to large quantities of water, but also because of the hydrologic-cycle. A common practice used to lower aquarium nitrates is the . In reality however, water changes are more of a nitrate dilution then removal. How to remove […]

Aquarium filtration and the various filter options for your fish tank

Aquarium filtration is the single most important requirement for a successful fish tank. In this post we focus on the 3 basic types of aquarium filtration, and of course each aquarium filter itself. Biological Filtration Biological filtration is the term used to describe beneficial bacteria, which are established during the initial cycling of the aquarium. These […]

UV Sterilization is used to eliminate parasites and bacteria from saltwater aquariums

Ultraviolet sterilization (UV) is a process to eliminate biological contamination, namely parasite fungus and bacteria. Two types are commercially available, both in tube size. Generally the one containing a wet bulb -at which the water passes directly past the UV bulb- is cheaper. The other type available has a protective quartz tube around the bulb […]

Activated carbon and chemical aquarium filtration

Carbonization is a complex procedure by which the carbon content of organic material is formed by burning anaerobically. Materials best suited for carbonization are charcoal (bituminous), brown coal (lignite), wood, or coconut shells which naturally contain a large amount of the element carbon. The carbonized base material is then subjected to steam, which increases the […]

Using kalkwasser in the marine aquarium

The main benefit of Kalkwasser use is that it replenishes calcium in the reef and marine tank. Even the most inexperienced hobbyist can easily make Kalkwasser. Kalkwasser is extremely beneficial for corals, coralline algae, and many reef inhabitants. It also helps raise the pH level, which is needed in a marine and reef environment. It […]

Using salt in the freshwater aquarium

Some hobbyists religiously use salt in fresh-water set-ups. The claim is a noticeable health improvement of certain fish. Further benefits include the ease of stress, reducing osmotic pressure, inhibition of nitrite uptake, promoting the slime coat, and helping in healing wounds. The salt recommended should be free of additives such as iodine. It is claimed […]